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Second Opinion
(78 x 30 mins) SD
(111 x 30 mins) HDTV

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(As at 5 September 2019)

SEASON 16 (2019) HDTV

Eps 1601: Bladder Cancer While bladder cancer is a cancer not talked about as much as others, the chance men will develop it during their life is about 1 in 27. It’s important to recognize the signs of bladder cancer so it can be treated early, as muscle-invasive bladder cancer needs aggressive treatment.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Armine K. Smith, MD. Asst. Professor of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medicine; Michael Brown of Brown-Trout Publishers; Marilu Henner, Best-Selling Author

Eps 1602: Childhood Vaccines Vaccines save lives. However, parents who believe that vaccines are linked to childhood conditions such as autism, are opting their children out. And the current measles outbreak shows just how a deadly disease can make a comeback when vaccination rates decline.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Beth Hoffman, MPH, Center for Research on Media, Technology & Health, University of Pittsburgh; Todd Wolynn, MD MMM IBCLC, CEO, Kids Plus Pediatrics; Susan Senator, Journalist, Autism Advocate

Eps 1603: Millennial Health In 2019, millennials are the largest living adult generation, and by 2020, nearly half of the U.S. workforce will be millennials, making millennial health and how they consume healthcare an important issue in the healthcare landscape in our country.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Beth Hoffman, MPH, PhD Student, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health; Angelique Harris, PhD, Associate Professor, Social and Cultural Studies, Marquette University

Eps 1604: Depression Depression is a treatable brain disease. But while 25 million people in the U.S. suffer from depression, there is still a stigma surrounding the disease, and this prevents people from reaching out for help.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Gerard Sanacora, PhD, Professor of Psychiatry, Yale University; Michael Blackmon, Entertainment reporter, BuzzFeed News

Eps 1605: Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is caused when the immune system is not working properly. RA affects organs as well as joints, and can be debilitating if not treated properly. Fortunately, there are good treatments that can halt the destruction to the body.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Emmanuel Quaidoo, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, University of Rochester; Matt Iseman, MD, Host, America Ninja Warrior

Eps 1606: Smoking Cessation While cigarette smoking rates continue to drop, in 2017, 14% of adults in America still smoked. Known as one of the hardest addictions to break, people are grasping at ways to kick the habit.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Brian King , PhD, MPH Deputy Director for Research Translation Office on Smoking and Health, CDC; Rick Staropoli, Co-Founder, Granville House Media; Jeanne Fisher, Vice President for Radio, WXXI Public Broadcasting

Eps 1607: Addiction & Recovery Second Opinion has been at the forefront of covering the opioid epidemic in our country. On average, 130 Americans die every day from opioid overdose, and there is no sign that this death rate will slow down. How a person moves through the system after an overdose is critical to their recovery.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; William Cope Moyers, VP Public Affairs & Community Relations, Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation; Aaron Fields, MD, Clinical Instructor of Emergency Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Kelly, NYS Certified Peer support, CRPA-P

Eps 1608: Congenital Heart Disease A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart, and they are the most common form of birth defect. While it is present at birth, some people do not become aware of their congenital disorder until they are older. Many congenital heart defects are treatable, and people born with them can live full, active lives.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Samuel Sears, PhD, Director of Health Psychology Professor, Departments of Psychology and Cardiovascular Sciences, East Carolina University; Pam Taub, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, UCSD; Sofia Montoya, College Student

Eps 1609: Hypothyroidism It is estimated that 20 million people in the U.S. have thyroid disease and 12% of Americans will develop a thyroid condition in their lifetime. Thyroid disease can be life altering and debilitating, especially when left untreated.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Angela Leung, MD, MSc, Endocrinologist, UCLA Health, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare; Kaitlyn Hoever, Social Retailer, LuLaRoe

Eps 1610: Insomnia Insomnia can be caused by psychiatric and medical conditions, unhealthy sleep habits, specific substances, and/or certain biological factors. No matter the cause, insomnia is the most commonly reported sleep disorder, and can cause incredible disruption in a person’s well-being.
Panelists: Louis J. Papa, MD, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center; Lynelle Schneeberg, Psy D, Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine; Yvette d’Entremont, Columnist, SELF

SEASON 15 (HDTV ) 2018

Suicide is the third leading cause of death for 15-24 year olds.  The tragedy of a young person dying is devastating to their family, friends and community.  We talk with Pat and Christina about all the ways they worked with their daughter to help her and the ultimate loss of their daughter and their passion to help others going forward.
One in eight women in the US will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of their lifetime—and most of them will have no family history of the disease! Precision medicine helps determine the most effective treatment for individual types of cancer and avoid the risks and side effects of unnecessary treatment. In this episode we learn about the latest approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.
The average life span of a woman in the United States is 84 years--that means that many women will spend a full half of their lives as post-menopausal! It’s easy to feel overwhelmed by symptoms and unsure about how to deal with them. In this episode Johns Hopkins menopause expert Dr. Wen Shen provides practical advice to help women cope with hot flashes and other common symptoms.
Opioids caused more than 42,000 deaths in the US in 2016 and the crisis continues. Two million Americans are dependent on pain pills and street drugs to deal with their pain. Laura has lived with disabling pain for decades and is concerned about managing her life and what to take for her pain. There are several other pain meds that are equally effective and other promising options on the horizon.
Biologics represent the cutting edge of biomedical research and cover a wide range of therapies. Their use in orthopedics, including Platelet-rich-plasma (PRP), is expanding because of their restorative properties. Dan received a dramatic injury to his right leg and biologic therapy was a very positive part of his amazing recovery.
735,000 Americans suffer heart attacks every year. Kris went to bed feeling like the healthiest 47 year old person you know and was wakened in the night by a dull pain in her upper back. Physical and mental recovery therapies are essential parts to a successful healthy life for every cardiac patient.
1507: HIV
In 1981 the US identified its first patient of what would become the AIDS epidemic. Today people with 
access to proper care can expect to live long, healthy lives. In this episode Olympic diver Greg Louganis shares his own journey through what many consider a miracle of modern medicine.
5.7 Million People are living with Alzheimer’s disease today.  Caring for a family member with Alzheimer’s is a cause for stress, exhaustion, depression and other health problems for the caregiver.  Our three guests share the journeys they have lived in caring for their loved ones.
Alcoholism reduces a person’s life expectancy an average of ten years.  Severe cognitive problems are common; approximately 10 percent of all dementia cases are related to alcohol consumption, making it the second leading cause of dementia.  Annie shares how alcoholism took over her life and how recovery has empowered her to live a healthy and rewarding life.
A healthy cornea is a key to good vision.  If your cornea is damaged by disease, infection, or an injury, the resulting scars can dramatically affect your vision.  47,000 successful corneal transplants were done in the US in 2014 and brought back clear vision and improved quality of life to patients just like Paul. 

SEASON 14 (HDTV) 2017

1401 Drug Overdose
Only two months since their son Patrick died of a heroin overdose, Mary and Joe Mullin courageously share their story with viewers. They tell their very personal experience of Patrick’s decline into opioid use, and then heroin addiction and treatment. They talk about Patrick’s ups and downs, and his relapses. The panel of experts discusses the drug epidemic in the U.S., and offer solid, timely information about prevention and treatment. 
NOTE: This 30-minute episode will also be released as a one-hour special, which will include national resources and an electronic toolkit for those dealing with addiction.
1402 Head & Neck Cancer
As an incredibly fit triathlete, Lou Iovoli was shocked to hear that he had a late-stage cancer that could possibly kill him. As Lou and his own doctor share the story of the drastic measures they took to treat him, they give hope to those diagnosed with this disease that is often disfiguring, devastating, and deadly.
1403 Type I Diabetes
At nine years old, Liam McCammon was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes. Together with his mom Linda Moroney, they share his story of how he lives with the disease and how new technology helps him lead a life as any other 11-year old. Experts discuss how groundbreaking research is making the lives of children with Type I Diabetes, and their parents, better than ever before.
1404 Immunotherapy in Cancer Treatment
Despite his initial prognosis of six to eight months to live, Ronald Eckert, MD, is thriving after undergoing a new immunotherapy treatment for stage 4 melanoma. Four years after the treatment, he feels he is cured and shares his story. Medical experts discuss the groundbreaking immunotherapy research and treatments being discovered each day in the area of cancers—treatments that will change the way we look at cancer.
1405 Crohn’s Disease
Since the age 12, Gabi Thomas has been fighting the physical and mental ramifications of having Crohn’s Disease. She explains her challenges over the last 15 years, which culminated in several hospital stays and being on the brink of death. While experts discuss current treatments for Crohn’s, Gabi shares her journey of healing; explaining why she has never felt better.
1406 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Showing signs of depression and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder from a young age, Kyra Mills finally found the help she needed when she was an adult. An often misunderstood disorder, Kyra and the medical experts openly discuss diagnosis and treatment options, while helping to destigmatize the disorder.
1407 Hospital Delirium
While caring for her mother, Donna Smith learned for the first time about Hospital Delirium. The family worked closely with her medical team to get her out of bed, sharing old stories and eventually getting her placed in a rehab center. Hospital Delirium is a grossly misunderstood issue in ICUs in our country, but Donna and the medical experts delve into the topic in a way that will help countless people who are unaware of the issue. Although the story has a sad ending, the information shared will help others face these challenges.
1408 Transgender Health
While other media outlets sensationalize and politicize issues surrounding transgender youth, Second Opinion looks at the issue from a truly medical perspective. Along with medical experts who specialize in working with families, Jennifer and Josselynn Surridge tell their story of what it is like to come to terms with being a transgender person and being a mother of a transgender child—a story that will help every American understand the issue in a way that is rarely explored in the popular press.
1409 Atrial Fibrillation
Unsure of the cause of his racing heart and extreme fatigue, Joel Dittman was finally diagnosed with the very common disorder, Atrial Fibrillation. As he shares his story, medical experts discuss the treatments that are available to help people with this condition lead full and active lives.
1410 Eating Disorders 
A lifelong battle for health is at the center of this captivating story on Eating Disorders. Jennifer Slack bravely shares details on her life, how she recognized her condition, and how she continuously works to battle her disease. Experts discuss new treatments for eating disorders, reflecting on how management of Eating Disorders has changed since Jennifer was diagnosed 30 years ago.


1301 Opioids to Heroin
Addiction experts say the heroin epidemic, which is a growing problem nationwide, is largely spurred by people who first become addicted to prescribed opiate pain medications. As the pills become more expensive and harder to obtain, people move on to the cheaper and more potent high that heroin can provide. Cynthia Scudo, grandmother of twenty, shares the story of hip pain that ended with a nine-year addiction to heroin.
1302 Borderline Personality Disorder
Often misunderstood and under-diagnosed, borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness that leaves those affected struggling to control emotions and maintain healthy relationships. Amy Allison shares the story of the life she achieved as a high-functioning professional while her personal life was in turmoil.
1303 Tourette Syndrome
Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder that presents in early childhood or adolescence with the first symptoms often being involuntary movements, or tics.  Peter Morrison was diagnosed when he was 10 years old, and he shares his story of overcoming the personal and social challenges caused by the syndrome. He’s joined by his mother Susan, who provides her perspective as a parent.  
1304 Broken Heart Syndrome
Can you really die of a broken heart? Research says that indeed you can die from Broken Heart Syndrome, also known as Takotsubo and Stress Cardiomyopathy. But with quick medical intervention, the condition can be completely reversed. Maryann Murray shares her story of how stress suddenly turned her into a cardiac patient.
1305 Down Syndrome
Life expectancy for people with Down Syndrome has increased over the last 30 years – from 25 years old in 1983 to 60 years old today.  While Down Syndrome carries certain health issues and risks, people with Down Syndrome and their families are moving beyond the limitations of this disability. Patient and Special Olympic medalist Frankie Antonelli and his mother Debbie share what their family has done to help Frankie reach his full potential.
1306 Mystery Diagnosis IV
In any given year, nearly 21 million American adults are diagnosed with a mood disorder.  Our patient Brittany DiCapua shares her story of mental and physical symptoms that appeared suddenly and inexplicably in a very special “mystery diagnosis.”
1307 Kidney Transplant
With the increase of chronic diseases such as Type II Diabetes, the need for kidney transplants is on the rise. Both deceased and live donors are needed, and our experts shed light on the organ transplant process. Karen Scott Gledhill was shocked in her early 20’s to find out she had a rare genetic kidney disorder. Fortunately, her life was saved by a deceased donor, and then again many years later by the life-giving gift of her brother Tom Scott, who joins her to share their story.
1308 Lead Poisoning
Even small amounts of lead can cause serious health problems—particularly in young children. Our patient Yvette Reynolds shares her personal story about her daughter's dangerously high lead levels and how it could have been prevented.
1309 Lupus
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that is known as the “great imitator” because many of its symptoms can mask themselves as other disorders.  Our patient Shanelle Gabriel thought her symptoms were a result of her busy college schedule—until a moment of vanity took her to see her doctor.  
1310 Endometriosis
More than 10 million women in the U.S. struggle with Endometriosis.  Our patient Ruta Biteman shares her journey of the pain she experienced throughout her life, and the challenges that she experienced in getting effective care, help, and hope. 


1201 C-Section
Patient Story: An estimated 4 million babies are born in the United States each year, and many moms have specific hopes for how their labor should go. Our patient Anna Sproul-Latimer shares the story of her high-risk pregnancy and the choices she made for the birth of her son.
Myth or Medicine: Is preeclampsia cured at delivery?
Second Opinion 5: Five things to know when considering your delivery options .
1202 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:
Patient Story: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating chronic disease that has a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. Because the cause is unknown, effective treatment is still out of reach for many patients. Danielle Warner’s description of battling CFS every day is a heartbreaking one, as she longs for her once active and vibrant life. Her husband and caregiver, Tyrone, joins Danielle as they share the story of their life, and their uncertain future.
Myth or Medicine: Is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome a psychiatric disorder?
Second Opinion 5: Five things to know about Chronic Fatigue Syndrome .
1203 Rosacea
Patient Story: Rosacea is a common skin condition that causes redness in the face and often develops into small red, pus-filled bumps. For many, rosacea is an embarrassing condition that causes psychological symptoms, as well as physical ones. Although there is no cure for rosacea, there are some treatments which can control the symptoms, and knowing the triggers is key to preventing episodes. Meet Barb Ficarra, who has been dealing with rosacea for many years while living an active life with a demanding professional career. Myth or Medicine: Does caffeine cause rosacea flare-ups? Second Opinion 5: Five common skin conditions that affect the face, and how to treat them .
1204 Psychosis
Schizoaffective disorder is a form of psychosis and is a mental illness in which a person experiences a combination of schizophrenia symptoms. People affected often have hallucinations or delusions, as well as mood disorder symptoms such as mania or depression. Our patient, Lynne Fisher, had her life turned upside down by the onset of this illness, and battled through five years of symptoms to find a treatment plan that enables her to have a constructive and happy life. Myth or Medicine: Are people with serious mental illness more prone to violence? Second Opinion 5: Five reasons to consult a mental health professional.
1205 ADHD in Adults
Patient Story: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) starts in childhood but often can go unrecognized until later in life. In this episode, Frank South shares his story of late diagnosis and the challenges he faces every day managing and adapting to life with ADHD.
Myth or Medicine: Is ADHD over-diagnosed?
Second Opinion 5: Five signs of ADHD that are consistent in children and adults.
1206 Measles/Vaccines
Patient Story: With some parents deciding not to vaccinate their children, measles cases in the United States have reached a 20-year high. Our patient Emmi Herman relates the devastating impact this highly contagious childhood illness had on her own family.
Myth or Medicine: Can you get the measles vaccine if you have a cold?
Second Opinion 5: Five misconceptions about vaccines.
1207 Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes

Patient Story: Sudden cardiac arrest is usually caused by an electrical disturbance in the heart, and leads to a sudden loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness. Nine out of 10 people who experience sudden cardiac arrest, die from it. Fortunately, star basketball player Mike Papale survived because of the quick reaction of an EMT, who immediately initiated CPR and the chain of survival. Mike and his Mom, Joan, share their story of survival and living through the aftermath of sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes.
Second Opinion 5: Five things to know about sudden cardiac arrest
1208 Type II Diabetes/Value-Based Care
Patient Story: Almost 30 million people in the U.S. have Type II Diabetes. It’s a disease that can be greatly improved by lifestyle changes including a healthy diet and exercise, along with medication compliance and monitoring. But not many people do as well as Mark Lee, who completely turned his life around after his diagnosis. His story is an inspiration to those who struggle every day with controlling their diabetes.
Myth or Medicine: Weight loss can improve Type II Diabetes, but can it be cured?
Second Opinion 5: Five ways to control your diabetes.
1209 Preventative Cancer Screening

Patient Story: More than half a million people die of cancer each year in the U.S., so it’s no wonder we want to do what we can to catch and treat cancer early. For some cancers, we have preventive cancer screenings that are readily available. But who should be screened? Rose Arp has no cancer history, but wants to know from the experts what screenings she should be getting as she turns 50 years old.
Myth or Medicine: Will a yearly mammogram cause breast or thyroid cancer?
Second Opinion 5: Five greatest risk factors for cancer.
1210 Pancreatic Cancer
A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is devastating for the patient and his/her family. Often the cancer is caught when it is at an advanced stage, and survival rates are lower than many cancers. Peter Suess is more than 5 years out from his pancreatic cancer diagnosis, and his story of his ongoing treatment and survival is one of hope and inspiration.
Myth or Medicine: Is pancreatic cancer a death sentence?
Second Opinion 5: Five ways to support someone with cancer.


1101 Hepatitis C
Patient Story: Hepatitis C is a worldwide health problem, and in the U.S. alone, an estimated 3.2 million people are living with chronic Hepatitis C infection. Our patient Kimberly Bossley watched her mother die of Hepatitis C, the very same disease she has, and is in the fight of her life against
Myth or Medicine:  Can you contract Hepatitis C from a mosquito bite?
Second Opinion 5: Five reasons to get tested for Hepatitis C
1102 Addiction to Pain Meds
Patient Story: What usually starts innocently enough as taking pain medication appropriately prescribed by a doctor, can turn into a deadly addiction for some. Jennifer Matesa shares her story of the darkest days of her addiction to her recovery.
Myth or Medicine: Do pain medications lead to addiction?
Second Opinion 5: Five signs of opioid pain medication abuse
1103 Sleep Apnea
Patient Story:  Symptoms that arise from sleep disorders may not immediately be recognized as being caused by sleep problems.  Meet Carol Hage Wall who initially didn’t believe her struggles were related to sleep, but found relief and recovery from successful treatment.
Myth or Medicine: If your child snores, should they have their tonsils out? 
Second Opinion 5: Five tips to help you sleep well
1104 Childhood Cancer
Patient Story: Few things are as sad or shocking than to hear  of a child diagnosed with cancer.  While these children fight for their lives, doctors and researchers fight for research dollars to find new, desperately needed treatments.  Christine Marquino’s son Danny is in his third cancer protocol, and while he battles each recurrence, his family truly lives as a “cancer family.”
Myth or Medicine: Are new cancer treatments safe for children?
Second Opinion 5: Five things to do when a child is diagnosed with cancer
1105 Advances in Alzheimer’s Disease
Patient Story: Recent medical studies raise the possibility of blood tests capable of predicting who is at risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease. Joanne Mee DeHond shares her mother’s struggles with Alzheimer’s and the questions that linger regarding her mother’s care and her own health.
Myth or Medicine:  Can getting the flu vaccine increase the chances of developing Alzheimer’s Disease?
Second Opinion 5: Five ways to tell if forgetfulness is normal aging or early signs of dementia
1106 Medical Marijuana
Patient Story: As more states make the use of medical marijuana legal, doctors and lay people alike question its use, its efficacy and the amount of research being done to help prove it is safe for certain conditions.  Meet Beverly McClain who uses medical marijuana to help with her symptoms caused by the treatment she is receiving for Stage IV breast cancer.
Myth or Medicine: Do the therapeutic benefits of smoking marijuana outweigh the health risks to your lungs?
Second Opinion 5: Five things you may not know about medical marijuana
1107 Knee Replacement
Patient Story:  Knee pain is a common problem and can escalate into extreme consequences that compromise lifestyle.  Steve Jasinski has been dealing with severe knee pain issues that have had a negative impact on him for many years.  He shares his personal story and learns about new options that could restore his quality of life.
Myth or Medicine: Should you take it easy and avoid exercise after joint replacement surgery?
Second Opinion 5: Five things to consider when thinking about joint replacement.
1108 Food as Medicine
Patient Story: Eating for health may be more than counting calories. Cheryl Knutsen shares her journey to health—a journey which meant leaving behind the food traditions of her childhood.
Myth or Medicine: Is slow and steady weight loss better than losing weight rapidly?
Second Opinion 5: Five dietary changes you can make right now to improve your health
1109 Mystery Diagnosis
Patient Story: Every day, doctors are faced with patients with symptoms that prove difficult to diagnose. When healthy and active Larry Luitjens shows up in his doctor’s office with some peculiar and frightening symptoms, his doctor is put to the test to find the cause and get him the treatment he desperately needs.
Myth or Medicine: Are more medical tests likely to lead to a more accurate diagnosis?
Second Opinion 5: Five things you can do to help your doctor diagnose you
1110 Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Patient Story: Sudden cardiac arrest can happen when there is an electrical problem in the heart. If quick action isn’t taken, a person can die in minutes.  Fortunately when things suddenly went very wrong for Bob Schmit, his girlfriend was there to save his life.
Myth or Medicine:  Is vigorous or high intensity exercise bad for the heart?
Second Opinion 5: TBD
1111 PTSD
Patient Story: Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a debilitating mental disorder that can occur after a terrifying event.  It was first brought to attention by returning war veterans, many of whom had been wounded in battle. Zachary Bell, former U.S. Marine, shares his story of horror in Afghanistan and his battle to regain his mental health after serving our country.
Myth or Medicine: Can PTSD only be caused when someone has a physical injury? 
Second Opinion 5: Five signs that you may have PTSD
1112 Ebola
The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name.


1001 Melanoma
(Source: The Skin Cancer Foundation)
Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer, these cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells (most often caused by ultraviolet radiation from sunshine or tanning beds) triggers mutations (genetic defects) that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors.  These tumors originate in the pigment-producing melanocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis.
1002 Concussion
(Source: CDC) A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth. Health care professionals may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, their effects can be serious.
1003 Whooping Cough
(Source:  CDC) Pertussis (whooping cough) can cause serious illness in infants, children and adults. The disease usually starts with cold-like symptoms and maybe a mild cough or fever. After 1 to 2 weeks, severe coughing can begin. Unlike the common cold, pertussis can become a series of coughing fits that continues for weeks.
1004 Food Allergies
(Source:  CDC) Food allergies are a growing food safety and public health concern that affect an estimated 4%–6% of children in the United States. Allergic reactions can be life threatening and have far-reaching effects on children and their families, as well as on the schools or early care and education (ECE) programs they attend. Staff who work in schools and ECE programs should develop plans for preventing an allergic reaction and responding to a food allergy emergency.
1005 Teen Depression
(Source: Mayo Clinic) Teen depression is a serious medical problem that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in activities. It affects how your teen thinks, feels and behaves, and it can cause emotional, functional and physical problems. Although mood disorders, such as depression, can occur at any time in life, symptoms may be different between teens and adults.
1006 High Risk Pregnancy
(Source: CDC) Complications of pregnancy are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother's health, the baby's health, or both. Some women have health problems that arise during pregnancy, and other women have health problemsbefore they become pregnant that could lead to complications. It is very important for women to receive health care before and during pregnancy to decrease the risk of pregnancy complications.
1007 Controlling Hypertension
Some call it hypertension. Others know it as high blood pressure. Whichever term you use, it is the same serious health problem - one that increases your risk for heart disease and stroke (the first and third leading causes of death among Americans) and can also contribute to heart failure , kidney disease, vision problems, and other conditions. In this episode of Second Opinion, you will learn all about hypertension, its symptoms and consequences, how to avoid it and, if you have it, what you need to do to keep it under control.
1008 C Difficile
(Source: CDC) Clostridium difficile [klo–strid–ee–um  dif–uh–seel] (C. difficil) is a bacterium that causes inflammation of the colon, known as colitis.
1009 Managing Diabetes
(Source: CDC) Diabetes is a disease in which the body has a shortage of insulin, a decreased ability to use insulin, or both. Insulin is a hormone that allows glucose (sugar) to enter cells and be converted to energy. When diabetes is not controlled, glucose and fats remain in the blood and, over time, damage vital organs.
1010 Reversing Heart Disease
(Source: CDC) Coronary artery disease occurs when a substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries). Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits, which can accumulate in your arteries. When this happens, your arteries can narrow over time. This process is called atherosclerosis.


901 Grief              
After a loss, grief is the natural process of recovery.  From losing a job to the death of a loved one, it is important to learn how to process feelings in a healthy way. A panel of experts is joined by Terry Congdon, a father whose daughter was tragically killed, as he offers insights into working through the emotions of grief.
902 Geriatric Oncology    
As people grow older, the likelihood of getting a cancer diagnosis increases, but there is no one standard treatment for older patients. Beverly Barr Vaughan was diagnosed and treated for colon cancer at the age of 77. Follow this passionate discussion as Beverly and the experts delve into the issue of chronological age versus physiological age.
903 Foot Pain  
Foot pain can simply be annoying, or it can significantly impact quality of life. David Heller has lived with foot pain for many years and he talks about his journey to find a treatment that works. Experts outline treatments that are available and ways you can keep your feet healthy.
904 Foodborne Illness 
E. Coli is one of several dangerous foodborne pathogens that can cause severe illness and even death. Learn from experts how to protect yourself from foodborne illness, which is often referred to as food poisoning. Meet Elizabeth Armstrong, who shares the story of her daughter’s experience with E.Coli as a toddler.
905 Breast Cancer in Young Women
Getting a breast cancer diagnosis is scary at any age, but unique issues surround this disease when it is diagnosed early in life. Learn about the emotional, physical, social, and medical issues surrounding breast cancer in young women. Meet Geralyn Lucas, who was diagnosed with breast cancer in her 20s. Hear how her unexpected diagnosis changed her whole perspective on life.
906 Conversion Disorder       
Go beyond the headlines to understand the condition known as conversion disorder, where physical symptoms cannot be explained by traditional medical evaluation. Hear from leading experts who are successfully treating this disorder and Danielle Kerr, a young athlete who is overcoming the challenges of this rare condition.
907 Lyme Disease  
Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the microscopic bacteria that is carried by ticks. Trevor Shorb was a star high school lacrosse player when Lyme disease stopped him in his tracks and kept him on the bench for a few years. Most cases of Lyme disease can be effectively treated with antibiotics; however, late diagnosis can lead to complications such as arthritis and autoimmune conditions. Learn from the experts about steps you can take to protect yourself.
908 Shingles
Shingles is a viral infection that varies in severity. While on vacation, Laurie Holmes started showing signs of shingles, resulting in a long trip back home and back to health. Discover how you can avoid getting the infection and how early treatment can decrease the chance of complications and shorten treatment time.
909 ALS
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating, progressive neurological disease with no cure. Also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, ALS physically and mentally affects each person differently. In this heartfelt episode, experts present data and Gary Temoyan shares his story, talking about his diagnosis, treatments, progression, and symptom management, which is maximizing his quality of life for as long as possible.
910 Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)  
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common disorder affecting the large intestines, which often has life-altering effects. While the syndrome can be both physically and emotionally disruptive, good treatments are available. Hear about the options from the experts and about the challenges from Erin Slater, who was diagnosed with IBS when she was only 17.
911 Mystery Diagnosis 
A fascinating discussion unfolds as doctors work to solve a mysterious medical case affecting a prominent Boston physician. Dr. Anne Louise Oaklander shares her mother’s medical story, which was complicated by her mother’s knowledge as a medical professional. Follow along as the life-altering problems are described and the surprising diagnosis is revealed.
912 The Future of Cancer Treatment 
Advances in the fight against cancer are due to the work of health care professionals, clinical researchers, and thousands of cancer patients and advocates. Since cancer isn’t a single disease, understanding the differences and similarities in how various cancers behave is essential to better treatment in the future. Hear from Judy Orem, who relates her experience as a patient in a clinical trial.
913 Angina
While there are different causes of angina, the symptoms can be scary and a sign of an underlying heart problem. Fortunately, there are good treatments available. Meet Joan and Fred Jahnke as they describe how they live with Joan's microvascular disease and the often-frightening angina that it causes.


801 Psoriasis
As many as 7.5 million Americans have psoriasis, which puts them at a higher risk of developing other serious health problems. Learn how to get significant relief from this sometimes disabling disease.
802 Chronic Pain Management
Chronic pain affects more Americans than diabetes, heart disease, and cancer combined. See how leading experts help patients lead more productive, less painful lives.
803 Medical Radiation
Utilizing a CT or “CAT” scan has proven to be an effective diagnostic tool for physicians. Yet one scan can deliver the same radiation as 442 chest X-rays or 74 mammograms. See how doctors weigh the benefits of medical imagery with the potential risks posed by ionizing radiation.
804 The Aging Face
What happens to our faces as we age? What causes us to look older? And most importantly, what should we do to preserve a youthful appearance? Our diverse panel debates the merits of aging gracefully...or not.
805 Pelvic Organ Prolapse
An estimated 50% of women between the ages of 50 and 79 have some form of prolapse, yet most have never heard of it. Learn about a common problem many women may be too embarrassed to talk about.
806 Sugar
Some consider sugar a reward for eating broccoli, others regard it as virtual poison. What role does sugar play in the national obesity epidemic? Find out what some communities are doing to confront sugar addiction.
807 Pituitary Gland Tumor
Pituitary gland tumors produce a variety of symptoms and can be very difficult to diagnose. Learn more about the symptoms and the very successful treatment options available.
808 Living With Alzheimer’s
Without a cure or more effective medicine, Alzheimer’s Disease can be a “march to oblivion” that unfolds over several decades. How can patients and family members approach this journey to maximize quality of life and safety, staying focused on capabilities rather than deficits?
809 Pneumonia
Pneumonia can be an aggressive, even fatal disease. Learn how early treatment can deliver better outcomes and how the first step toward prevention may be getting the pneumonia vaccine.
810 Autism
As many as one out of every 110 children in the United States will be diagnosed with autism, yet many people are unaware of the full spectrum of autism disorders. Hear about the signs that can help with an early diagnosis and the treatments that can make a difference.
811 Colon Cancer
While screening for colon cancer is effective, it does not identify problems 100% of the time. Discover the symptoms and physical changes that may help with an early diagnosis of colon cancer.
812 Mystery Diagnosis
Patience and persistence are often essential to uncovering the right diagnosis. Watch experts as they assess a patient with conflicting symptoms that evolve over time, making diagnosis difficult.
813 Cardiac Spouses
Recovering from a heart attack or heart disease can be a family affair. Learn how the well-being of the caregiver can be an important component of a heart patient’s return to good health.


701 Vitamin D
With exposure to direct sunlight, the human body will naturally produce Vitamin D. However, lifestyle changes have caused many people to become Vitamin D deficient. Learn what this means to overall health.
702 Celiac Disease
Nearly three million Americans suffer from Celiac Disease, a hereditary, autoimmune digestive disorder which is difficult to diagnose. Discover how a gluten-free diet (no wheat, rye, or barley) results in greatly improved health for those suffering from this disease.
703 Multiple Sclerosis
A debilitating disease of the nervous system where nerve cells become damaged, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) results in a wide variety of symptoms. Learn how research is making treatments for MS more successful, giving individuals a better quality of life.
704 Bipolar Disorder
Once called manic depression, bipolar disorder is a mental illness caused by a chemical change in the brain. People who suffer from this disease often have unusual mood changes, energy shifts, and difficulty with daily activities. Dramatic symptoms can result in loss of jobs, relationships, and even suicide. Although there is no cure and it usually lasts a lifetime, bipolar disorder can be effectively treated.
705 Late Effects of Cancer Treatment
Treatment of cancer involves the use of strong drugs that target cancer cells with the goal of curing the patient. Often, however, these life-saving treatments can leave a wake of long-term physical and mental side effects that patients may not be prepared for. Once treatment is over, follow-up care is critical.
706 Breast Reconstruction
Treatment for breast cancer can be both physically and emotionally overwhelming. While having reconstructive surgery is a personal choice, knowing the options can help patients better prepare for the future.
707 Racial Disparities in Cardiac Care
African-American adults are less likely to be diagnosed with coronary heart disease, but are more likely to die from heart disease. Knowing the steps that can be taken by patients, providers and the community to improve the quality of cardiac care for all Americans is critical to an effective health care system.
708 Mammography
The recent controversy over when—and how often—women should be having mammograms has resulted in significant confusion. Now that the new recommendations have been analyzed in the news media, this episode explores the full story behind the recommendations. Learn how to work with physicians to assess risk factors and determine the most appropriate plan of action.
709 Fecal Incontinence
More than 5.5 million Americans experience loss of bowel control. It affects people of all ages, and can be devastating to a person’s self esteem and family life. Understanding what treatments are available can improve bowel control and make incontinence easier to manage.
710 Heart Replacement
Innovations in technology have made heart failure treatments increasingly successful. Learn about advancements that in some patients are taking the place of heart transplants. Understanding what to expect of the surgery itself, the potential risks, and the follow-up care, are critical to long-term stability.
711 HPV Vaccine/Cervical Cancer
Families all over America are trying to decide whether to get the HPV vaccine for their daughters. Human papillomavirus (HPV), which is a sexually transmitted infection, is the most common cause of cervical cancer. Learn more about the vaccine that offers protection from several of the most dangerous types of HPV — who should have it and what the risks may be.
712 Spinal Cord Injury
This special edition of Second Opinion tells two personal stories of devastating spinal cord injuries. Each year, more than 11,000 Americans will experience a similar injury, often causing permanent disability or paralysis. Advances in research may someday make complete repair of spinal cord possible, but current treatments still allow many people to lead productive, independent lives. Dr. Brad Berk, the CEO of the University of Rochester Medical Center shares the story of the bicycle accident that left him in a wheelchair, and Charlie Durkee talks about his life after an accident paralyzed him.
713 Dizziness
Dizziness is a common complaint that can be related to many different medical problems, and can be disabling unless treated. When patients work with their physicians to determine the cause of the symptoms, then an effective treatment plan can be implemented.

Standard Definition Episodes Series 1 to 6 (Total 78 episodes)
101 Heart Failure

It is your body's engine, playing a critical part in your overall health and well-being. And like any engine, your heart can require an occasional tune-up. But what happens when it fails? Artificial hearts and organ transplants are the subjects of this episode of Second Opinion.
102 Cervical Cancer and HPV
It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide. Would you be surprised to learn that cervical cancer is caused by a virus, and that a vaccine may soon make it a disease of the past? The latest in cervical cancer treatment and prevention is featured in this episode of Second Opinion.
103 Nutritional Supplements
What if you could prevent cancer and heart disease by simply buying a few items off the grocery shelf? Sound crazy? Well, apparently many Americans don't think so. More than 40% of us take vitamins and other supplements, driving a $30 billion a year business that shows no sign of slowing down. But how safe is it to play your own doctor? Practitioners of both conventional and integrative medicine debate the pros and cons of nutritional supplements on this episode of Second Opinion.
104 Hypertension
It is called the silent killer, presenting few symptoms until there is serious physical damage. One out of three Americans suffer from hypertension and many of us don't even realize it. What qualifies as "high blood pressure," and what do the numbers mean? Panelists discuss the latest in diagnosis and treatment in this episode of Second Opinion.
105 Incontinence and Urine Leakage
More than 20 million women suffer in silence with a secret that causes embarrassment, humiliation and life-altering decisions. Join LPGA champion golfer Terry-Jo Myers in this lively episode of Second Opinion, when our panelists reveal why even doctors avoid the subject of incontinence and how the latest treatments offer new hope.
106 Breast Cancer
Breast cancer: two of the most frightening words in the English language. There's no shortage of advice for protection, detection and treatment options, and women presented with the diagnosis face an overwhelming number of choices. How do you make treatment decisions? And is there such a thing as a "survivor"? Our healthcare team tackles these questions and more on this episode of Second Opinion.
107 Obesity
Magazine covers and newspaper headlines call it a national crisis. Confronted with the health and social costs of obesity, Americans will spend more than $30 billion dollars in their annual battle of the bulge, and most will lose the fight. Are we destined to be fat? And what's so wrong with a few extra pounds, anyway? We tackle these questions and more on this episode of Second Opinion.
108 Osteoporosis
It's a public health risk for 44 million Americans. It's a disease you may have and not even know it. But osteoporosis can be prevented and treated. Find out more about what can be done to help ensure healthy bones for you and your family on this episode of Second Opinion.
109 Heart Rhythm Disorder
What if someone next to you suddenly collapsed? Would you know what to do? And, what if CPR weren't enough? Find out how you can be prepared to save a life on this episode of Second Opinion.
110 Antibiotic Use
Once known as wonder drugs, they can actually be harmful to your health. How has our reliance on antibiotics helped create a new generation of super bugs? And what can we do to keep our families safe? These questions and more on this episode of Second Opinion.
111 Menopause
It's something all women will face. Is menopause a natural part of aging or a medical condition? Is estrogen out and black cohosh in? What's a woman to do? And whom should she believe? From the conventional to the new age, treatments for the symptoms of menopause come front and center on this episode of Second Opinion.
112 Heart Attack / Coronary Artery Disease
A squeezing sensation in your chest, shooting pain in your left arm - classic signs of a heart attack, right? Well, not necessarily. Find out what we all need to know about heart attack and heart health on this episode of Second Opinion.  

201 Depression
Today, one in five Americans will experience a diagnosable mental health disorder. That adds up to 44 million adults and 4 million children. And yet, it remains under-recognized by primary care doctors. This episode of Second Opinion introduces a panel of medical experts and health care providers, along with the First Lady of New Jersey, Mary Jo Codey, who shares her personal battle with depression. Together they explore the latest trends in diagnosis and treatment of this debilitating disease.
202 Prostate Cancer
In America, prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men, and the second most common cause of cancer deaths in men. But if it's found early enough, it's quite curable. In this episode of Second Opinion, you'll learn about how prostate cancer is tested for, diagnosed and treated.
203 Epilepsy
Epilepsy, or recurrent seizures, is one of the most common conditions affecting the brain. About 2.5 million Americans have epilepsy, and 200,000 more people are diagnosed with the disorder every year. However, about 30% of patients referred to epilepsy centers are diagnosed as having non-epileptic attacks. This episode brings a nationally known panel of experts along with former Congressman Tony Coelho, author of the Americans with Disabilities Act, together to discuss the diagnosis, treatment and social stigmas of a diagnosis of epilepsy.
204 Vision Correction
Advertising has become standard practice in much of health care and vision correction appears to be taking the lead. Americans spend nearly $2 billion on vision correction. Providers spend nearly $200 million in advertising. This episode of Second Opinion looks into the ethics of advertising in health care, the rise in corrective vision surgeries across the country and will provide you with information to help you become an informed medical consumer.
205 Stroke
A stroke is the interruption of the flow of blood to any part of the brain, which causes damage to brain tissue. Today, some call it a "brain attack" to illustrate its seriousness and its relationship to heart attack (the interruption of blood flow to the heart). In this episode of Second Opinion, you'll learn about the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of stroke.
206 Eating Disorders
Eating disorders affect some several million people at any given time, about 90 percent of whom are female. You may associate eating disorders with younger women, but they can also begin or recur later in life. In fact, some research suggests that approximately 79 percent of deaths related to anorexia occur in women over 45 years of age. In this episode, Second Opinion panelists discuss this very complex biological, psychological and cultural problem.
207 Joint Replacement
Many Americans are living longer and more active lives. In doing so, they face the possibility that, over time, their major joints – hip, knee, shoulder – will wear out, become painful or cease to function properly. This episode of Second Opinion brings together a panel of orthopaedic experts and health care providers. Together they explore the causes and symptoms of deterioration of major joints, as well as a wide range of treatments including joint replacement.
208 Metabolic Syndrome
Need a good reason to get out of your easy chair and into a healthier lifestyle? Then consider the possibility that a lack of physical activity, together with other common health problems, can make you a prime candidate for a potentially life-threatening health condition called metabolic syndrome. In this edition of Second Opinion, you'll learn what metabolic syndrome is, find out about its causes and consequences, and get a handle on steps you can take to protect yourself from life-threatening medical problems.
209 Women's Cardiac Health
Women are at risk for heart disease and heart attacks, just like men. While they develop heart problems later in life than men, by about age 65, a woman's risk higher than for a man. This episode of Second Opinion explores ways to prevent, assess risk and diagnose heart disease in women.
210 Back Pain
If you've never suffered from back pain, chances are you know somebody who does. In the United States, seven out of every ten people will endure back pain at some time in their lives. For a common-sense discussion about an all-too-common ailment, be sure to watch this episode of Second Opinion.
211 Colon Cancer
Colon cancer is the third most common type of cancer among American men and in women and is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths (after lung cancer) in the United States. Learn about how doctors can help you catch it in it's earliest, most curable stage.
212 Skin Cancer
Can that warm and fuzzy feeling of the sun bathing your body really come back to haunt you in the form of skin cancer? Absolutely. And for thousands of Americans every year, the cumulative effects of sun exposure result in an untimely death. In this Second Opinion episode, medical experts and skin cancer victims come together to explore the signs, symptoms, and outcomes of this disease and clue you in on simple measures that you and your family can take to significantly reduce your risk.
213 Asthma
Between 15 and 20 million Americans – including about 5 million children – have asthma, a chronic disease that makes it difficult to breathe. Asthma attacks can be frightening, even fatal, but they can also be treated and prevented. This episode of Second Opinion looks at the symptoms, causes, and diagnosis of asthma and how modern drug therapy can alleviate its effects.
214 Dementia
Nearly five million people in the United States are living with some degree of dementia. Over the next few decades, aging baby boomers are expected to push that number even higher. This episode of Second Opinion introduces a panel of researchers and healthcare providers, along with one extraordinary dementia patient, who explore the latest trends in diagnosing and treating one of the most frightening illnesses a family can face.


301 Diabetes
Is sugar really the enemy? What is insulin resistance? And is diabetes really that bad? With Type II Diabetes reaching epidemic numbers in our country, why aren't we doing anything about it? Our panel sets out to answer these questions and more.
302 Heart Disease & Depression
While the physical consequences of heart disease are fairly well known, the mental ramifications are often overlooked. With a tough case and a surprise ending, Second Opinion delves into the cause and effect of heart disease and mental health, and the potentially detrimental emotional aspects of medical illnesses.
303 Lung Cancer
With so much money going into cancer research and the success rate of cancer treatment increasing every year, why is a diagnosis of lung cancer still a death sentence? Experts who diagnose and treat the disease talk openly about the challenges of finding good diagnostics and a cure.
304 Erectile Dysfunction
Though often portrayed as merely a sexual issue, erectile dysfunction can also be a signal of other significant health problems, such as hear disease. Second Opinion provides a candid discussion of causes and treatments, and reveals the many issues faced not just by men with this condition, but also their partners.
305 Sleep Disorders
Sleep is often described as the most influential factor of our health and longevity, and sleep disorders can cause detrimental sleep disruptions. Our panel looks into the importance of shut eye and how to get enough of it.
306 Bariatric Surgery
Two thirds of Americans are obese. Some people call it an epidemic. While diets and pills fail, gastric bypass surgery has swept the nation as the magic bullet for weight loss. Is this solution as simple as it seems? Second Opinion takes and in-depth look at the pros and cons of this surgery.
307 Flu
With thousands of people dying each year from the flu, it takes a pandemic to get us talking about it. The leading experts in the field will discuss the everyday flue, what we can do to keep ourselves healthy and flu-free, and if a more serious flue really poses as great a threat as the media portrays.
308 Fertility
While hearing the word "infertile" can have a devastating effect on women and men, there are many options and procedures available to people having trouble conceiving. But with high tech fertility methods developing faster every day, what are moral issues surrounding infertility in our country?
309 Life after Breast Cancer
The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer is a traumatic time for the patient and their loved ones. Yet life after the cancer treatment is often just as challenging. Experts, patients and laypeople discuss life after breast cancer - what it means to a woman personally, medically, socially and sexually.
310 Kidney Stones
Some say passing a kidney stone is more painful than childbirth. People have been suffering from kidney stones since the beginning of time, and the incidents continue to rise. What are kidney stones, how are they treated, and more importantly, can they be prevented?
311 Longevity
As our average life expectancy increases, we ask is living longer better? Our panel discusses genetics, modifiable factors and medical technology that may dictate how long we live.
312 Chronic Pain
An estimated 15-30% of Americans suffer with chronic pain. What is causing it? With so many people struggling with it, still the causes often go undiagnosed and therefore untreated. Is it real, or is it all in our heads-or are doctors just not looking deep enough?
313 End of Life
America is a culture afraid of death. With that fear comes a lack of communication about how we want to die. Is it better to die in a hospital with every means for survival being administered, or is an acceptance of the end of life and a quiet death at home better? Is there such a thing as a good death?


401 Tuberculosis
Many Americans assume tuberculosis is a disease of the past, but the reality is one-third of the world's population is infected with TB - an estimated 10 to 15 million people in the United States alone. Second Opinion explores this historic disease and what you need to know to protect yourself.
402 Clinical Trials / Parkinson's Disease
Medical research has helped us lead longer, healthier lives, but it has also sparked ethical concerns and contentious political debate. Through a Parkinson's Disease case, panelists explore the controversial world of clinical trials and debate the potential gains and pitfalls of science on the edge.
403 Macular Degeneration
Many Americans think loss of vision is a normal part of aging. Think again. The number one cause of vision loss is actually a disease called macular degeneration. This episode describes the disease and how you may be able to prevent it from compromising your vision.
404 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Heartburn is nothing to take lightly. For many people, heartburn can interrupt daily life and be the precursor to serious illnesses. Our panel of experts on gastroesophageal reflux disease will discuss the diagnosis and treatment of it, as well as the symptoms you should not ignore.
405 Memory Enhancement
Crossword puzzles, vitamins, and classical music have all been promoted as tools for improving memory. Panelists discuss the recent theories and research surrounding memory enhancement and help viewers separate fact from fiction.
406 Suicide
While youth suicides earn more news headlines, suicide rates in the United States actually increase with age. This powerful episode explores the devastating reality of suicide, and what you should know about helping yourself or a loved one.
407 Cardiac Breakthroughs
Heart disease is the number one killer in the U.S. With doctors and researchers racing to stop heart disease in its tracks, diagnostic technology and treatment options are breaking new ground at astounding speed. But are there dangers? Can technology tell us too much? Our experts dive into the high-tech world of cardiac care.
408 Ovarian Cancer
One of the deadliest forms of cancer, ovarian cancer is also one of the few cancers for which genetic testing can determine a person's susceptibility. This episode explores the challenges faced by a woman balancing the opportunity to know her genetic profile with only limited diagnostic testing and sometimes radical treatment options available.
409 Addiction
Major advancements in neurological science are changing the way experts understand and treat addictive behavior. Learn from some of the country's leading experts what the latest medical research tells us about treating addictive behaviors in men and women.
410 Migraine
Often debilitating and misunderstood, migraine headaches and the options available to treat them are sources of much debate. Anger, frustration and desperation can plague both patients and physicians. Our panel navigates a case of migraine and the often confusing information that surrounds pain management and prevention.
411 Breast Cancer Recurrence
While survival rates for breast cancer continue to improve, for some women, recurrence is a devastating reality. When cancer returns, a sense of failure can confront both the patient and health care provider. Our expert panel explores a topic filled with both challenge and hope.
412 Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or just normal aging? Knowing the difference can affect patient care and quality of living. Join experts discussing the real science behind the common degenerative disease, arthritis. Find out what you can do to help prevent it, and learn about promising treatments on the horizon.
413 Inflammation
Research indicates that inflammation underscores a significant percentage of heart disease, and some professionals believe that it may be the source of many complications of aging. Our panelists explore the relationship between inflammation and disease, and what new treatments lay ahead.


501 Coronary Microvascular Disease
Research supports that not only do men and women present with heart disease differently, they can also develop it differently.  Coronary Microvascular Disease is predominantly a women’s heart disease - one that is often overlooked and under-diagnosed.
502 Hospital Acquired Infection
Hospital acquired infections are a growing problem in the U.S., however there are steps that healthcare systems can do to protect patients, and actions that you can take to protect yourself.   
503 Vaccines
While there is no question that vaccines work and have changed our world by eradicating deadly diseases, some people have concerns about the risks of immunizations.  The vaccine controversy remains—where do the rights of the public and the rights of the individual collide?   
504 Hearing Loss
Isolation and depression can often be a result of hearing loss, but there are good treatments, including hearing aids and surgery.  Learn about the actions you can take right now to protect yourself from hearing loss.
505 Alzheimer’s Disease:  A Caregiver’s Journey
A diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease can be devastating for a person and their loved ones.  Caregiving issues surrounding a person with a cognitive disease are unique, and planning for decline in health is critical for the caregiver.
506 Kidney Disease: Caring for Someone with a Chronic Disease
While chronic kidney disease continues to rise in the U.S., Second Opinion explores the many issues faced when caring for a loved one with a chronic disease.
507 Caregiver Burnout
While family caregivers give of themselves out of love, there are real physical, emotional and financial costs associated with caregiving.  As we live longer and caregiving becomes a bigger issue in the U.S., learn what can be done to help our caregiving community.
508 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
While other cancers continue to decline, lymphoma is on the rise. The good news is that with early diagnosis, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is often a very treatable disease with a good prognosis.
509 Depression in Later Life
Depression in the geriatric population presents different challenges than in younger populations.  Diagnosis and treatment can be difficult, but the management of depression in later life is critical to good physical health.
510 Men’s Health: Why Men Die Younger
Biological, social and behavioral issues are just a few factors that play a role in why women live longer.  Experts take an in-depth look into why men die at a younger age than women.
511 Hormone Replacement Therapy
Since the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) was stopped early due to risk of heart attack and stroke, the use of HRT has been debated in research, in the media and among women across the country.  Second Opinion explores the risks and benefits of HRT. 
512 Hypothyroidism
When the thyroid gland loses its ability to make thyroid hormone, a person’s whole life can be turned upside down.  Affecting the physical and mental well-being of a person, the proper treatment of hypothyroidism can make a remarkable difference to overall health.
513 Mind Body Connection
Can positive thinking, prayer or yoga help heal your body as well as your mind? It depends who you ask.  Research into the connection between the mind and the body is both fascinating and controversial.


601 Stroke Intervention
In stroke treatment, time is critical in saving brain cells.  Knowing the signs of a stroke and getting the best treatment available is vital to reaching full recovery. Acting fast can help save a loved ones life.
602 COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a progressive disease that makes breathing difficult.  But there is more hope for patients than ever.  Proper treatment of COPD with medication and lifestyle changes can stabilize the disease and help people live active lives.
603 Female Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual response is influenced by biological, social, psychological and cultural factors.  Many women with sexual concerns can benefit from treatment that addresses medical and emotional issues. 
604 Forever Young
While there is no scientific proof that anti-aging products reverse or stop the process of aging, scientists continue to make inroads in understanding how we age and how we might extend life by focusing on improving the quality of our lives as we age. 
605 Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress, but when it becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it has become a disabling disorder.  Research is identifying new and improved medical and behavioral therapies that can help most people with anxiety disorders lead productive, fulfilling lives.  
606 Healthy eating
People in the U.S. spend billions of dollars a year trying to lose weight, but still the majority of people are overweight.  Weight loss can only be achieved and maintained by lifestyle and food choices, and changing the way we eat based on our own medical history.
607 Leukemia (CLL)
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) is a type of leukemia that mainly affects people over the age of 50.  The use of biologic markers has greatly increased the ability to diagnose, stage, choose treatments and give prognosis of this disease, making it a disease that many people can live with for many years. 
608 Hip Fracture
A hip fracture caused by a fall is a great fear and a reality for our aging population.  Getting treatment and proper rehabilitation is key to getting mobility and independence back after a fall. 
609 Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia describes a condition of widespread pain throughout the body.  Hard to diagnose, and even harder to treat, Fibromyalgia often leaves both patients and doctors frustrated. 
610 Long QT Syndrome
Long QT Syndrome is a cardiac rhythm disorder that can be genetic or caused by drugs.  Unfortunately death takes many people before they know they have the disorder, while people living with the disease can greatly benefit from advanced therapies.
611 HIV in Middle Age
While sexually transmitted diseases were once thought of as a problem in the young population, diseases such as HIV are rising at alarming rates in the middle age and elderly.  Social, medical, physical and cultural factors are contributing to this trend.
612 Diabetes Prevention
Type two diabetes is increasing at staggering rates.  Changes in lifestyle and diet are key to preventing the disease, but as a country, how can we turn this epidemic around?
613 Art of Diagnosis
Imagine having a condition that cannot be diagnosed for months or years.  How do doctors find the answer to an elusive disease, and what role does the patient play in finding the cause?







(as at 27 October 2015)


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